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One correct dentary fragment which have P/step 3-M/step 3 (Pal 59); you to correct dentary fragment which have Meters/2-M/step three (Pal 61)

Differential prognosis. Oxacron is different from Caintheriinae from the visibility away from subtriangular top molars as opposed to crested appearance, a smaller postparacristula, slim premolars, a weaker postprotoconulid, a great biradiculate P/1, diastemata between P/2-P/step three and you may P1/-P2/, and you may a protocone alot more mesial compared to paracone towards the P4/. They varies along with out-of Plesiomeryx and you may Caenomeryx kinds from the reduced size, a smaller protocone to your P3/, while the absence of a good protocone to the P2/. It is different from Cainotherium by faster proportions, its lack of cingula/ids into premolars, a beneficial triangular P3/, and also the visibility out of an area between your entoconid and mesoconid into down molars. Oxacron is actually famous on almost every other Oxacroninae Paroxacron by the shorter premolars, a great P1/, P/1, and P/2 caniniforms, a shorter mesial lobe towards P3/, an excellent triangular P4/, also a smaller sized paraconule towards top molars. In the end, Oxacron differs from Palembertina gen. nov. by many people letters (discover a lot more than).

Thing out of Palembert. Palembert is located in the Quercy phosphorites town (South-west from France) around the town away from Caylus (Tarn-et-Garonne, France).


Malfunction. Oxacron courtoisii regarding Palembert is only noted by the the all the way down dentition having two fragmentary dentaries. Depending on the alveola trend off Friend 59 (Profile 2A-B), this new P/step one are biradiculate. Short diastemata exist anywhere between P/1-P/dos and P/2-P/step 3. P/step three and P/cuatro try brief. The P/step three gift ideas a powerful protoconid and you can an initial distal cristid lingually rounded. New P/cuatro shows a protoconid way more mesial as compared to metaconid. Its talonid basin was higher that have a little postprotoconulid and a quick hypoconid. The latest entoconid is extremely weakened.

The low molars (Friend 59, Buddy 61; Profile 2A-D) establish new “Caintotherium package” that have around three higher lingual cuspids: a good mesial metaconid, an effective medial metaconulid, and you may a good distal entoconid. The fresh new paraconid is actually small. Brand new metaconulid is actually high, far from the latest metaconid and you will split https://datingranking.net/nl/russian-brides-overzicht/ up by the a lengthy mediocristid. The newest talonid try bucco-lingually constricted that have an enormous centroconulid and you will a good postendocentroconulid expanded distolingually. This new entoconid is looped and a lot more distal than the hypoconid. The brand new M/step three gift ideas a huge hypoconulid instead a beneficial posthypocristulid. The brand new mesial cingulid is pretty high.

Brand new mandible (Pal 59) shows one or two intellectual foramina on the lateral ramus, one underneath the mesial element of P/dos and another beneath the mesial element of P/4 (Profile 2B). The horizontal ramus was gracile and you can superficial, as well as level is pretty constant within premolar area and you can the past molar. Brand new angular apophysis, not kept, is mesially delimited because of the an effective incisura vasorum (Buddy 59, Buddy sixty; Shape 2B, 2D).

Phylogenetic Studies

The new cladistic data employed a single parsimonious forest (duration = 183, Surface Index [CI] = 0.forty-eight, Maintenance List [RI] = 0.73, CI with just parsimony-informative characters = 0.45; Figure 4), showing a properly-organized signal and you may apparently weak homoplasy. The topology is congruent thereupon off Weppe et al. (2020), the new taxon Palembertina deplasi the fall of. gen. late. sp. finding the set within the monophyletic Cainotheriidae, since sis taxon into clade C (Oxacroninae, Cainotheriinae). The latter collects a couple subfamilies: Oxacroninae, with Oxacron and you may Paroxacron; and you may Cainotheriinae, which have Plesiomeryx, Caenomeryx, and you can Cainotherium.

This new monophyly of Cainotheriidae, together with Palembertina gen. biguous synapomorphies (Bremer directory [BI] = 4). He or she is described as new presence on their higher molars, of: an enormous parastyle the same as other forms (8 step 1 ; RI = 0.67), an effective distostyle (11 step 1 ; RI = 0.89), a very strong dilambdodonty (22 step one ; RI = 0.88), an excellent postparacristula (30 step one ; RI = 0.86), and you can deficiencies in preprotocrista and you can paraconule junction (17 0 ; RI = 0.67); on the all the way down molars, it expose: a massive (thirty-six step one ; RI = 1.000) and personalized metaconulid (37 1 ; RI = step 1.00), an effective neotrigonid (51 step 1 ; RI = step 1.00), and also the lack of hypoconulid into the Yards/1 and you may Yards/dos (41 0 ; RI = 0.75). Within Cainotheriidae, Palembertina gen. nov. ‘s the basic offshoot and you may looks like the newest sister taxon to this new clade C (Oxacroninae, Cainotheriinae). It shows three autapomorphies: a preliminary diastema between P/2-P/3 (6 step 1 ; RI = 0.33), and a looped mesostyle (10 0 ; RI = 0.50) and a huge distostyle (twelve 1 ) into the upper molars. This new clade C (BI = 2) was backed by half dozen low-confusing synapomorphies, into the higher molars: a great distal protocone (thirteen 2 ; RI = 0.94), a small cingulum surrounding the latest protocone (20 step 1 ; RI = 0.58), and you will an extended postprotocrista (28 step one ; RI = 0.50); to your all the way down molars: a very distal entoconid (43 2 ; RI = 1.00), therefore the absence of a basin-formed hypoconulid (forty 0 ; RI = 0.75) as well as posthypocristulid (55 0 ; RI = 0.67) toward Meters/step 3. Within clade C, Oxacroninae (BI=1) are backed by a good protocone so much more mesial versus paracone to the P4/ (62 step one ; RI = 0.50) and you will a great biradiculate P/step 1 (77 step one ; RI = step 1.00), and you can Cainotheriinae (BI = 1) was supported by a postparacristula buccally long joining the brand new preprotocrista to the top molars (32 step one ; RI = step one.00) and you can a large postprotoconulid towards the straight down premolars (76 step one ; RI = step one.00).